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The Family
The structure of a family takes different forms around the world and even in the same society.The family's form changes as it adapts to changing social and economic influences.
Until recently,the most common form in North America was the nuclear family,consisting of a married couple with their minor children.The nuclear family is an independent unit,It must be prepared to fend for itself.Individual family members strongly depend on one another.There is little help from outside the family in emergencies.Elderly relatives of a nuclear family are cared for only if it is possible for the family to do so.In North America,the elderly often do not live with the family;they live in retirement communities and nursing homes.
There are many parallels between the nuclear family in industrial societies,such as
North America,and of families in societies such as that of the Inuits,who live in harsh environments.The nuclear family structure is well adapted to a life of mobility.In harsh conditions,mobility allows the family to hunt for food.For North Americans,the hunt for jobs and improved social status also requires mobility.
The nuclear family was not always the North American standard.In a more agrarian time,the small nuclear family was usually part of a larger extended family.This might have included grandparents,mother and father,brothers and sisters,uncles,aunts,and cousins.
In North America today,there is a dramatic rise in the number of single-parent households.
Twice as many households in the United States are headed by divorced,separated,or nevermarried individuals as are comprised of nuclear families.The structure of the family,not just in North America,but throughout the world,continues to change as it adapts to changing conditions.
The information in this passage would most likely be found in______.
A:an anthropology textbook
B:a biology textbook
C:a mathematics textbook
D:a geography textbook

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题干意为“核心家庭的定义是什么?”该题为细节题,第一段的第三句话对核心家庭进行了定义Until recently,the most common form in North America was the nudle-ar family, consisting of a married couple with their minor children.该句意为“直到最近,北美洲最普遍的家庭形式为核心家庭,由一对夫妇和他们未成年的孩子构成”。由此可知A“由一对夫妇和他们未成年的孩子构成的家庭”是答案。
题干意为“mobility是什么意思?”mobility是mobile“可移动的,机动的”的名词形式。首先在短文中找到mobihty存在的语境: (第二段)There are many parallels between the nuclear family in industrial societies, such as North America,and of families in societies such as that of the Inuits,who live in harsh environments.The nuclear familystructure is well adapted to a life of mobility.In harsh conditions,mobility allows the family to hunt for food.For North Americans,the hunt for jobs and improved social status also requires mobility.mobility所在的上下文意为“核心家庭结构良好地适应于……的生活。在恶劣的条件下,……能让一个家庭吃饱饭,对北美洲人来说,找工作和提高社会地位同样需要……。”四个选项中,A“钱”,B“随时准备迁居”,C“组织,机构”,D“技能,技巧”,显然B“随时准备迁居”填入mobility所在的语境中合适,因此答案为B。


Something Men Do Not Like to Do
Eric Brown hates shopping."It's just not enjoyable to me,"said the 28-year-old
Chicago man who was carrying several shopping bags along the city's main street,Michigan
Avenue."When I'm out_______(1),I basically know what I want to get.I rush in.I
buy it.I_______(2)."
Common wisdom says that guys hate to shop.You can ask generations of men.But
people who study shopping say that a number of social,cultural and economic factors are
now_______(3)this "men-hate-to-shop" notion.
"_________(4)social class and age,men say they hate to shop,"says Sharon
Zukin,a City University of New York sociology professor."Yet when you ask them deeper
questions,it turns out that they__________(5)to shop.Men generally like to shop for
_________(6),music and hardware(硬件).But if you ask them about the shopping they
do for books or music,they'll say,'Well,that's not shopping.That's________(7)."'
In other words,what men and women call"buying things"and how they approach that
task are________(8).
Women will__________(9)through several 1,000-square-metre stores in search of
the perfect party dress.Men will wander through 100 Internet sites in search of the
________(10)digital camcorder(摄像放像机).
Women see shopping as a social event.Men see it as a mission or a________(11)
to be won.
"Men are frequently shopping to win,"says Mary Ann McGrath,a marketing professor
at Loyola University of Chicago."They want to get the best deal.They want to get the best
one,the last one and if they do that it________(12)them happy."
When women shop,"they're doing it in a way where they want_________(13)to be
very happy,"says McGrath."They're kind of shopping for love."
In fact,it is in clothing where we see a male-female________(14)most clearly.
Why,complain some men,are all male clothes navy,black or brown?But would they
wear light green and pink(粉红色的)?
These days,many guys wear a sort of"uniform",says Paco Underhill,author of
"Why We Buy"."It's been hard for them to understand what it means to be fashion-
conscious(时尚意识)in a business way. It becomes much, much easier _________
(15)you narrow your range of choices."
Goal of American Education
Education is an enormous and expensive part of American life.Its size is matched by its variety.
Differences in American schools compared with those found in the majority of other countries lie in the
fact that education here has long been intended for everyone一not just for a privileged elite.Schools are ex-
pected to meet the needs of every child,regardless of ability,and also the needs of society itself. This means
that public schools offer more than academic subjects.It surprises many people when they come here to find
high schools offering such courses as typing,sewing,radio repair,computer programming or driver training,
along with traditional academic subjects such as mathematics,history,and languages.Students choose their
curricula depending on their interests,future goals,and level of ability. The underlying goal of American edu-
cation is to develop every child to the utmost of his or her own possibilities,and to give each one a sense of
civic and community consciousness.
Schools have traditionally played an important role in creating national unity and"Americanizing"the
millions of immigrants who have poured into this country from many different backgrounds and origins.
Schools still play a large role in the community,especially in the small towns.
The approach to teaching may seem unfamiliar to many,not only because it is informal,but also
because there is not much emphasis on learning facts.Instead,Americans try to teach their children to think
for themselves and to develop their own intellectual and creative abilities.Students spend much time,learning
how to use resource materials,libraries,statistics and computers.Americans believe that if children are
taught to reason well and to research well,they will be able to find whatever facts they need throughout the
rest of their lives.Knowing how to solve problems is considered more important than the accumulation of
This is America's answer to the searching question that thoughtful parents all over the world are asking
themselves in the fast-moving time:"How can one prepare today's child for a tomorrow that one can neither
predict nor understand?"
Which of the following best states the feature of American education that makes it different from education in other countries?
A:The large number of its schools.
B:The variety of the courses offered in its schools.
C:Its special consideration given to immigrants.
D:Its underlying goal to develop every child's abilities to the fullest extent.
US Blacks Hard-hit by Cancer
Death rates for cancer are falling for all Americans,but black Americans are still more likely to die of
cancer than whites,the American Cancer Society said Monday.
In a special report on cancer and blacks, the organization said blacks are usually diagnosed with cancer
later than whites,and they are more likely to die of the disease.
This could be because of unequal access to medical care,because blacks are more likely to have other
diseases like diabetes as well,and perhaps because of differences in the biology of the cancer itself,the report added.
"In general,African Americans have]ess likelihood of surviving five years after diagnosis than whites for
all cancer sites and all stages of diagnosis,"the report said.
"In describing cancer statistics for African Americans,this report recognizes that socioeconomic dispari-
ties and unequal access to medical care may underlie many of the differences associated with race."
The Cancer Society said blacks should be encouraged to get check-ups earlier,when cancer is more
treatable,and it said more research was needed to see if biological differences play a role.
Since 1992,cancer death rates among black Americans_______.
A:have been going up and down
B:have remained stable
C:have increased
D:have fallen
It took us a long time to mend the old church.
Interior Design
Although interior design has existed since the beginning of architecture,its development into a specialized field is really quite recent.Interior designers have become important partly because of the many functions that might be________(51)in a single large building.
The importance of interior design becomes________(52)when we realize how much time we ________(53)surrounded by four walls.Whenever we need to be indoors,we want our surroundings to be________(54)attractive and comfortable as possible.We also expect________(55) place to be appropriate to its use.You would be________(56)if the inside of your bedroom were suddenly changed to look________(57)the inside of a restaurant.And you wouldn't feel________ (58)in a business office that has the appearance of a school.
It soon becomes clear that the interior designer's most important basic________(59)is the function of the particular________(60).For example,a theater with poor sight lines,poor sound-shaping qualities,and________(61)a few entries and exits will not work for________(62)
purpose,no matter how beautifully it might be________(63).Nevertheless,for any kind of space, the designer has to make many of the same kind of________(64).He or she must coordinate the
shapes,lighting and decoration of everything from ceiling to floor.________(65)addition,the designer must usually select furniture or design build-in furniture,according to the functions that need to be served.
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