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Words and Word Origins
When you are learning languages,what do you think is the most interesting?One of the most interesting of all studies is the study of words and word origins.
Each language is_________(51)of several earlier languages and the words of a language can sometimes be traced__________(52)through two or three different languages to their origins.Again a word from one language may pass into other languages and___________(53)a new meaning.
The word"etiquette,"which is__________(54)French origin and originally meant a label(标志),or a sign,passed into Spanish and kept its original meaning. So in Spanish the word"etiquette" today is used to _________(55) the small tags(标签)which a store __________(56) to a suit,a dress or a bottle.The word"etiquette"in French, _________(57), gradually developed a different meaning. It________(58)became the custom to write directions on small cards, or "etiquette",as to how visitors should dress themselves and act during an important ceremony at the royal court.________(59)the word"etiquette"began to indicate a system of correct manners for people to follow. With this meaning,the word passed into English.
Consider the word"breakfast"."To fast"is to go for some period of time without________ (60).Thus in the morning after many hours during the night without food,one_________(61)one's fast.
Consider the everyday English_________(62) "Goodbye".Many many years ago,people would say to each _________(63)on parting "God be with you".As this was ________(64)over and over millions of times,it gradually became________(65)to "Goodbye".
_________(61)
A:breaks
B:continues
C:remembers
D:forgets

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参考答案:
A解析:be composed of'“由······组成”,固定搭配。这句话是说,每种语言都是由几种早期语言组成的。
trace back“追溯”,固定搭配。这句话是说,语言词汇的起源有时可以追溯到两到三种不同的语言。
develop“发展,形成”。这句话是说,词汇形成新的意义。
of可用于be动词后,表示某人或某事物具有的特点或特性。例如,Both world wars were of unquestionable importance as economic events.两次世界大战都是重要性无可置疑的经济事件。
indicate“表明,指示”。
attach“贴上,系上”。这句话的意思是,用于表示商店贴在西服、裙装或瓶子上的小标签。
however“然而”。这里应该按照上下文意思选择表示转折的副词。B选项和D选项都是表示递进关系,意为“另外,而且”。C选项的意思是“因此”,表示因果关系。
later“后来”。这里的意思是,它后来变成把指导写在小卡片上的习俗。A 选项late表示“晚的”,B选项lately表示“近来”,D选项latest表示“最近的,最新的”。
thus“因此”。这里应该用表示因果、顺承关系的副词。C选项和D选项都是转折关系。
eating“进食”。根据上下文可知这个意思是正确的。
break“打断”。根据上文breakfast,也可知词语从形到义的呼应。
expression“表达”。“再见”这里是一种表达。A选项“陈述,观点”、C选项 “谚语”、D选项“对话”都不符合原文意思。
each other“彼此”,固定搭配。这句话是说,人们在分别时对彼此说。
retold“重复说”,retell的被动形式。A选项的意思是“复制,重现,繁殖”, B选项的意思是“修订”, C选项的意思是“回顾,审查,复习”。
shorten"缩短”。这句话的意思是,被重复说了上百万次后,逐渐缩短成了 "Goodbye”。

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